Parts of Speech
A noun is a person, place, animal, thing or idea.
The mother took her daughter to
the park in her stroller to see
The nouns are mother, daughter,
park, stroller, and
A concrete noun is something you can see and touch. In
the above sentence all the nouns are things that can be seen and touched, so they
are concrete nouns.
An abstract noun is something that you cannot see or touch,
such as idea, truth,
freedom, democracy, and love.
Because these nouns are abstract and, therefore, more difficult to understand, a writer will sometimes compare an abstract noun to a concrete noun to illustrate
For example, Robert Burns compared love, an abstract noun, to a rose, a concrete noun, in his poem
"My Love Is Like a Red Red Rose."
A proper noun is the name of a specific person, place,
or thing. It begins with a capital letter.
Mile One Stadium.
A common noun is the name of a general person, place or
thing. It does not begin with a capital letter.
A collective noun is a group of persons, places, animals,
A collective noun can be either singular or plural.
It is singular
when the group is considered as a group.
The class is writing its final examination in the gym.
plural when the group is considered individually.
The class are meeting with their counselors to discuss their careers.
Note that the pronoun used to refer to the group changes according to the context of the collective noun.
If you are not certain whether the collective noun is singular or plural, you can avoid the use of the collective noun.
The students in the class are writing their final examination in the gym.
The members of the class are meeting with their counselors to discuss their careers.
The subject of each sentence is now plural, so a plural verb is required.
Forming plural nouns
Nouns can be singular or plural.
Some nouns become plural by adding the letter s to the
word, such as job, or by adding es
to the word, such as church.
Others become plural by changing the y to
i and adding es, such as lady.
Others change their form completely, such as mouse and
Some keep the same form for singular and plural, such as moose